The women's pole vault event was also won by a Swede, as Angelica Bengtsson finished with a best jump of 4.72 meters. Enditem
Alaphilippe had led Yates by four seconds when the race was finished and looked to have retained the yellow jersey, but television footage showed him taking a bottle from a Deceuninck-Quick Step team support member with 17.8km to go - under the rules of cycling's world governing body UCI, riders are not allowed to take on food or drink in the final 20km of a race.
"It was anybody's game really for a set and a half. I made some breaks and then obviously after winning the second set I felt more comfortable. I was returning better, I started to read his serve better, and I was pleased with my serve. Overall, it was a very good test, and I am happy to get through," said Djokovic, who is bidding to capture his fourth US Open trophy and 18th Grand Slam title.
Arrascaeta restored his team's two-goal advantage with a diving header in heavy rain but Jose Pimentel responded with his side's second goal just before halftime.
Australia, Norway and New Zealand are among other countries and regions to provide equal pay to their men's and women's teams.
With this result, Dalian are sixth in Group A with nine points, while Henan with six points remained in last place. Enditem
The competition in Lausanne's Place de l'Europe played host to a fascinating duel between Duplantis and two-time world champion Sam Kendricks from the United States, whose best jump was 6.02 meters.
In the second minute after kick-off, Rondon scored the opener with his left foot. Rondon extended the lead for Dalian in the 29th minute, as he assisted Marek Hamsik to slot home.
The 28-year-old is now 16th in the overall rankings, 16 seconds behind new leader Yates.
"This is not the way I'd imagined taking the yellow jersey," Yates said, "If I'm honest, no one wants to take the jersey like this."
The hosts added their third goal when Daniel Sampaio latched onto Marco Antonio's pass to slot home in stoppage time.